On December 2nd, 1859, John Brown is hung in Charleston, Virginia for the raid on the Federal armory at Harper's Ferry, Virginia.
African Americans made up less than 1 percent of the northern population. Yet, by the war's end, they made up 10 percent of the Union Army. A total of 180,000 black men, more than 85 percent of those eligible, enlisted.
Union General Ambrose Burnside begins the Battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia on December 11, 1862. Federal troops crossed the Rapidan River on pontoons, leading two days later to an one-sided defeat at the hands of Confederate General Robert E. Lee.
"Sending armies to McClellan is like shoveling fleas across a barnyard. Not half of them get there."
~ Abraham Lincoln