The Yankee guns are of greatly improved range. Their guns larger and their Iron Clads far more formidable then at first. Some of their shells pass over Fort Sumpter. The attack is evidently in earnest and made with more method and determination, and with greatly improved practice.
~ Letter date July 16, 1863
from Confederate spy Rose O'Neal Greenhow
to Confederate President Jefferson Davis
The United States begins issuing demand notes on July 17th 1861. They were commonly called "greenbacks".
Braxton Bragg moved his men by railroad from Tupelo, Mississippi to Chattanooga, Tennessee, a distance of over 770 miles. It was the largest troop movement by rail during the Civil War by the Confederates.
Tennessee becomes the first state readmitted to the Union following the Civil War on July 24th, 1866.
The Hazen Brigade Monument in Tennessee was built in early 1863 at Stones River. It is the oldest intact Civil War monument in the nation.
The prisoner population at Camp Sumter, Andersonville, Georgia peaked at 33,000 inmates in August of 1864. Up to 100 inmates a day were dying during this peak period.