Provisions in the Union's conscription codes permitted the hiring of substitutes were frequently abused by bounty jumpers who accepted cash to server for someone else, then quickly deserted and repeated the process.
'The evening [of President Lincoln's assassination] was Good Friday, the saddest day in the whole calendar for the Christian Church, henceforth in this country to be made sadder, if possible, by the memory of our nation's loss.'
~ Matthew Simpson, Methodist Episcopal church bishop
in his speech at President Lincoln's funeral on May 4, 1865
The soldiers of the 9th Mississippi did not wear issued uniforms at the Battle of Shiloh, but their own civilian clothes.
'Jefferson Davis and other leaders of the South have made an army; they are making it appears, a navy; and they have made what is more than either; they have made a nation.'
~ Charles Girard, French military supplier to the South
in a speech at Newcastle on October 7, 1862