The First Battle of Bull Run, Virginia, resulted in approximately 1,000 Federal officers and soldiers being taken prisoner by the Confederates.
"I perceived that they were suffering on account of not having their wounds dressed . . . I procured a basin and water, and went to a room where there were seven or eight, some shot in the arms, others in the legs, and one in his back, and another in the shoulder. I asked if any one would like to have his wounds dressed? Some one replied, "There is a man on the floor who cannot help himself, you would better see to him." Stooping over him, I asked for his wound, and he pointed to his leg. Such a horrible sight I had never seen and hope never to see again."
~ Civilian Sallie Broadhead
writing in her diary about the
aftermath of the Battle of
Missouri celebrated its fortieth anniversary as a state on August 10, 1861. The Battle of Wilson's Creek began this same day in the southwest part of the state.
On August 17, 1862, Major General James Ewell Brown "Jeb" Stuart assumed command of the cavalry of the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia.