The city of Vicksburg, Mississippi would not celebrate the Fourth of July, after it fell to Federal troops on July 4th, 1863, until 1945, almost eighty years later.
President Abraham Lincoln appoints General Henry W. Halleck as General-In-Chief on July 11, 1862 after holding the position himself for four months.
Four days of anti-draft riots began on July 13, 1863 in New York City. Arson an the murder black by poor immigrant whites accompanied the riots. At least 120 people, including children, were killed and property damage rose to two million dollars before Union soldiers, returning from Gettysburg, could help restore order.
The Fifty-fourth Massachusetts Infantry, was regiment of 'Negro troops' lead by Colonel Robert G. Shaw. The lead an assault on the well defended Fort Wagner, in South Carolina, on July 18, 1863. Shaw is killed and half of the 600 men in his regiment are killed, wounded, or captured. For his bravery in the battle, Sergeant William H. Carney became the first African American to earn the medal of honor.